Rabindranath Tagore Birthday

Rabindranath Tagore Birthday – Every year, Rabindranath Tagore’s birth anniversary is commemorated with the cultural celebration known as Rabindra Jayanti, which is popular among Tagorephiles worldwide. [4] Given that Tagore was born on this day in the Bengali calendar year 1268 (1861 AD), it is observed in the first few days of May, on the 25th day of the Bengali month of Boishakh.

Numerous cultural programs and events, including Kabipranam the songs (Rabindra Sangeet), poetries, dances, and dramas, written and composed by Tagore, are organized on this particular day each year by various schools, colleges, and universities in Bengal. These events are also celebrated by various groups abroad as a tribute to Tagore and his works. 

Rabindranath Tagore Birthday

Around the world, Santiniketan, Birbhum in West Bengal, especially Visva-Bharati University, the institution that Tagore himself built for the cultural, social, and intellectual upliftment of students as well as society, is where the birth anniversary of Tagore is greatly honored.

In commemoration of Rabindranath Tagore’s 150th birthday, the Indian government released a five-rupee coin in 2011. Tripura and West Bengal both observe the birthday of Rabindra Nath Tagore as a regional Indian holiday.  May 7th, May 8th, or May 9th would be the corresponding day on the western calendar.

Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore is a Bengali poet, short story writer, composer of songs, playwright, essayist, and painter. He liberated Bengali literature from archaic models based on classical Sanskrit by introducing new prose and poem forms and the use of colloquial language.

The introduction of Indian culture to the West and vice versa was greatly influenced by him, and he is widely recognized as the best creative artist to emerge from early 20th-century India. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913, being the first non-European to do so.

The religious reformer’s son, Debendranath Tagore, started writing verses at a young age. In the late 1870s, after pursuing just part of his education in England, he returned to India. There, in the 1880s, he produced several poetry books and finished Manasi (1890), a novel. 

To oversee his family’s lands in Shilaidah and Shazadpur for ten years, Tagore traveled to East Bengal (now Bangladesh) in 1891. There, where he frequently resided in a houseboat on the Padma River (the Ganges River’s major channel), he was in frequent touch with the locals, and his empathy for them served as the foundation for a large portion of his later writing.

The majority of his best short stories, which focus on “humble lives and its minor tragedies,” were written in the 1890s and are characterized by a poignancy tinged with soft irony that is distinctively his own (though admirably captured by the director Satyajit Ray in later film adaptations). Tagore established an experimental school called Shantiniketan (Abode of Peace) in rural West Bengal in 1901, hoping to combine the eastern and western traditions.

Rabindranath Tagore Birthday

When the school changed its name to Visva-Bharati University in 1921, he made his permanent home there. His later poetry, which was first published in Gitanjali (Song Offerings), was influenced by the years of sorrow he experienced following the loss of his wife and two children between 1902 and 1907. (1912). Tagore began spending extended stretches of time outside of India in 1912.

He gave lectures and performed readings from his work in Europe, the Americas, and East Asia, and he developed into an articulate advocate for Indian freedom. The two Bengali novels of Tagore, Gora (1910) and Ghare-Baire (1916), which were respectively titled Gora and The Home and the World in the English language, are less well known than his poems and short stories.

The Indian national hymn, “Jana Gana Mana,” was written by Tagore. Moreover, he composed Bangladesh’s national anthem. Gitanjali, Post Master, Kabuliwallah, and Nastanirh, to name a few, are some of his other well-known works.

Some of his songs, including Majhe Majhe Tobo, Akash Bhara, Amar Hiyar Majhe, Purano Sei Diner Kotha, and Megher Kole, are still performed by well-known singers in Bengal and India.

On the basis of Tagore’s short stories and novels, acclaimed director and Academy Award winner Satyajit Ray produced a few noteworthy films. In Santiniketan, West Bengal, Tagore was also responsible for starting the prestigious Visva-Bharati University.

Never a proponent of formal education, Rabindranath Tagore. As a result, he suggested the notion of holding classes outside, which the University and its students still do today. Toward the end of his life, he began to criticize British rule and gave up his “Knighthood” in opposition to the Jalianwalla Bagh massacre.

Rabindranath Tagore Birthday


Different regions of West Bengal observe the day with majesty. The works of Tagore are the subject of cultural activities that take place in educational institutions, research centers, and even communities. An important component of these events is dance (based on Rabindra sangeet), theatre, music, and recitals.

These activities are also attended by foreign students at Visva-Bharati University. In Jorasanko Thakur Bari, Rabindranath’s birthplace, a number of events are held. Rabindranath’s writings are frequently honored at university and educational events.

You’ll see young people performing plays based on Rabindranath’s writings, reading poetry, or singing and playing musical numbers. Most Bengali households play Rabindranath songs in their homes from dawn to sunset, in addition to the customary celebrations. 

The birthday of Rabindranath Tagore is a happy occasion. You can participate in the widespread celebrations by doing the following:

Find events for Rabindra Jayanti in your area and attend them to participate. Check to see whether there are Bengali communities wherever you plan to stay. Such communities put on a lot of cultural events. To participate in the celebration, plan a vacation to Kolkata or Shantiniketan (165 km from Kolkata), if you happen to be in India. You can still rejoice by hearing or playing Rabindranath’s songs even if you have to stay in or do other tasks on that day.

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