India’s climate is made up of a wide variety of weather patterns that are spread out over a huge geographic area with varied topography. According to the Koppen classification system, India is home to six main climatic subtypes, including arid deserts in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, and humid tropical regions with rain forests in the southwest and on the islands.
Being one of the most climatically diverse countries in the world, several of its regions have radically distinct microclimates. Winter (December to February), summer (March to May), monsoon (rainy) season (June to September), and a post-monsoon period are the four seasons recognized by the nation’s meteorological authority, with minor local variations (October and November).
The Thar Desert in the northwest and the Himalayas in the north work together to form a culturally and economically significant monsoonal regime, which is a key feature of India’s geography and geology. The Himalayas, the highest and largest mountain range on Earth, block the cold katabatic winds from the northerly Central Asian steppe and the freezing Tibetan Plateau.
As a result, most of North India is kept warm during the winter or is just moderately chilly or cold; the same thermal dam also keeps most of India hot during the summer. Due to its coasts, South India’s climate is typically warmer and more humid.
The majority of India can be considered to have a tropical climate, despite the fact that the Tropic of Cancer, the line separating the tropics from the subtropics, runs through the center of the country. Like much of the tropics, India’s monsoonal and other weather patterns may be highly unpredictable.
Epidemic droughts, heat waves, floods, cyclones, and other natural catastrophes are sporadic, but they have forced millions of people to flee their homes or claimed their lives. As a result of human-induced climate change, such climatic occurrences are probably going to change in frequency and severity.
Global warming is also responsible for present-day and future vegetation changes, sea level rise, and the inundation of low-lying coastal areas in India.
Winter in India
India experiences three distinct seasons: winter, summer, and monsoon, based on the abrupt variations in the weather. In India, winter days are bright and pleasant beginning in November and lasts till March. Even in January, snowfall can be seen in the northern, hilly regions of India.
You might fall asleep as soon as you sit under the gentle sun of India’s winters, which seems to be singing lullabies that are calming and comforting. But the enjoyment of the sun can also be occasionally interrupted by winter rains and extremely cold waves that travel from west to east through the northern section of the country, typically between November and April.
However, during this usually wonderful time of year, not only does India receive the greatest amount of foreign visitors, but a huge variety of bird species are also invited to the country’s nice surroundings. The winter months saw a large influx of migrating birds into India’s bird sanctuaries, which sustain a singular example of interspecies bonding by coexisting peacefully with the local birds.
We are eager to lay down our blanket for a snooze in this really chilly winter weather. However, the weather plays a role in why you get the chills. You will have goosebumps now that the weather is cooler by visiting our favorite hill stations. Even if the temperature doesn’t rise as much as we anticipate, even one sun ray will calm us.
Incredible settings can be found in India for both people who want to experience snow and those who want to get away from it. Check out the following selection of destinations for a winter getaway in India:
Jaisalmer – Jaisalmer, a city in Rajasthan, is home to a sizable portion of western India’s desert. Winter is a great season to take a camel ride through the Sam Sand Dunes and National Desert Park. The state’s Rajput heritage is on display in the spectacular, golden forts of Jaisalmer. A man-made reservoir known for its panoramic city views and boat cruises is called Gadisar Lake.
Manali, a hill town in Himachal Pradesh, offers spectacular views of the Himalayas during the winter thanks to its high peaks and gurgling valleys covered with snow. Hiking, skiing, paragliding, and zorbing are just a few of the exciting activities available in Manali. Beautiful villages like Kullu, Kasol, and Rohtang can be found in the Parvati Valley, and the majority of them feature hot springs where you may take sulfur baths in the winter in India.
Kerala – At first glance, Kerala appears to have it all: lush mountain ranges with strenuous hiking paths, coffee plantations, renowned Backwaters, bustling beaches with surfing opportunities, ancient temples with amazing architectural feats, and centers for Ayurveda, art, and culture. Two such lovely winter destinations are Wayanad and Munnar, which are best experienced during the winter’s hazy ambiance.
Cold Wave In North India
The nation’s capital had a second round of chilly weather on January 16, 2023, with the Safdarjung observatory, the base station for the city, recording a minimum temperature of 1.4 degrees Celsius, the lowest reading for the month since January 1, 2021.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) headquarters’ meteorological station on Lodhi Road reported a minimum temperature of 1.6 degrees Celsius. At Ayanagar in southwest Delhi, two degrees at the Ridge in the city’s center, and 2.2 degrees at Jafarpur in west Delhi, the lowest temperatures were also measured.
According to the IMD, many areas of northwest and central India are projected to experience a further 2 degrees Celsius drop in minimum temperatures between January 17 and 18. Additionally, it stated that around this time, cold wave to severe cold wave conditions is highly possible over various areas of Delhi, Rajasthan, Punjab, and Haryana.
A cold wave and hazy conditions disrupted daily activity in the nation’s capital, New Delhi. According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the minimum temperature in Delhi on Sunday was 5.3 degrees Celsius, while today’s temperatures in most of northern India ranged from 3 to 7 degrees Celsius.
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