PCOD and PCOS Symptoms, Causes, and Diagnosis


PCOD and PCOS Symptoms – PCOD is a medical disorder in which a woman’s ovaries produce a large number of immature or partially mature eggs during her reproductive years. Over time, these eggs mature into cysts in the ovaries. Because of the cysts, the ovaries swell and emit a huge amount of male hormones (androgen), resulting in infertility, irregular periods, undesirable weight gain, and other health concerns.

PCOD and PCOS Symptoms
PCOD and PCOS Symptoms

Despite its prevalence, most women are unaware of the signs and symptoms of PCOD, as well as the ramifications of the disorder and treatment choices. Every woman has two ovaries that alternately release an egg every month. The ovaries produce minute amounts of androgens or male hormones. PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a condition in which the ovaries produce an abnormally large number of immature or partially-mature eggs, which develop into cysts.

Abdominal weight gain, irregular periods, male pattern hair loss, and infertility are some of the most common symptoms. In this disorder, the ovaries commonly swell and secrete excessive tiers of androgen, that could disrupt a woman’s fertility and health. The most effective PCOD treatment frequently focuses on minimizing the intensity of such symptoms.


In women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome), the ovaries produce more androgen than usual, which interferes with egg formation and release. Some of the eggs grow into cysts, which are little sacs filled with fluids. Instead of being released after ovulation, these cysts accumulate in the ovaries and can potentially get larger.

PCOD and PCOS Symptoms
PCOD and PCOS Symptoms

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOD) is an endocrine system disorder caused by a hormonal imbalance. Hormonal imbalances and genetics are thought to play a role in both illnesses. According to the notion, large quantities of male hormones hinder ovaries from generating hormones and eggs correctly. Excess testosterone production has been linked to insulin resistance and inflammation. Polycystic Ovarian Disease does now no longer purpose infertility in all ladies and must now no longer be appeared as a barrier to pregnancy.

In roughly 80% of cases, women can conceive with minimal assistance and have a healthy pregnancy. Conception might be difficult for women with PCOS due to hormonal abnormalities. To conceive, one should have balanced hormonal cycles that permit the ovum to launch and infuse with the sperm post-intercourse. Because the levels of androgens in Polycystic Ovary Illness are so high, conception can be difficult if you have the syndrome.


The ovaries are the most impacted by PCOD. The female reproductive system comprises the ovaries. Every woman has two ovaries, which generate egg cells or ova. The ovaries are in charge of creating estrogen and progesterone.

They also create androgen, a male hormone. PCOD can impair this process, resulting in an improper release of male hormones. The following are common symptoms of both PCOS and PCOD: – Periods that are irregular or non-existent Heavy menstrual blood, increased facial hair growth, and excessive body hair Fatigue, abdominal weight increase, obesity, pigmentation of the neck Sleep issues, depression, anxiety, and infertility are all possibilities. PCOD and PCOS Symptoms are identical.


The exact cause of the PCOD issue is unknown. According to specialists, PCOD has both genetic and environmental causes. PCOD is often associated with the following factors: poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle, pollution, and hormone-altering medication.


A variety of over-the-counter (OTC) medications and supplements. PCOD is assumed to be inherited in many cases and occurs in families. Insulin is a hormone that the pancreas naturally produces. It contributes to the regulation of metabolic activity and blood sugar levels in the body. One of the key reasons for PCOS, according to doctors, is high insulin levels.

Excess insulin also causes the body to create more androgen (male hormone), which suppresses ovulation. Low-grade inflammation in the body can be caused by a variety of physiological factors. Mild autoimmune diseases may cause tissue inflammation.

This, in turn, raises the body’s androgen levels. The male hormone has been associated with increased facial and body hair, acne outbreaks, and skin disorders, as well as an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. 


Diagnosis is critical in resolving PCOD issues. Your gynecologist will begin with a physical exam and a history of your symptoms. The doctor may then suggest testing such as – Blood tests (to check for hormonal levels, blood sugar, insulin, and cholesterol) and Ultrasound of the pelvic organs (to look for cysts in the ovaries and measure the lining of the uterus)

It is critical to remember that treating Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) requires both medication and lifestyle adjustments. Unfortunately, there is no known treatment for the ailment, PCOD and PCOS Symptoms can be managed to improve quality of life.

Dietary adjustments can assist manipulate signs and symptoms and offer PCOD hassle solutions.  Even a 5% drop in body weight can dramatically lessen symptoms. Sugar and fatty food elimination can help reduce the chance of acquiring diabetes, high cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease.

As part of the PCOD treatment, women who lead sedentary lifestyles must plan and adhere to a regular exercise regimen. Cyclic hormonal therapy and ovulation induction drugs can aid in the regulation of the menstrual cycle.

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