How Pandemic Effects Education – Coronavirus has had an impact on the global education system. To prevent the spread of the coronavirus, schools, colleges, and universities have been shuttered. School closure causes problems for kids, teachers, and parents. As a result, distance learning is a viable option for sustaining the educational system.
However, in developing nations, distant learning is hampered by a lack of network infrastructure, computers, and internet access. The purpose of this research is to examine the influence of the COVID-19 epidemic on the education systems of developing countries. As a result, countries devise a strategy for utilizing educational technology, no-cost internet educational resources, free online learning resources, and broadcast education. During closures, educational institutions develop curricula and teach-learning practices for the post-corona virus era.
When schools reopen, educational institutions devise techniques to retrieve lost learning and restore pupils to class. Coronavirus has been wreaking havoc on poor countries’ face-to-face education systems. As a result, developing countries should improve their broadcast teaching, online teaching, and virtual class infrastructures.
To combat the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic, most countries have temporarily shuttered childcare centers, nurseries, primary and secondary schools, colleges, and universities. COVID-19 affects not only children but also instructors and parents all over the world. According to UNESCO, nearly 1.5 billion pupils in 195 countries are missing school as a result of school closures. COVID-19 influences the entire educational system, including examinations and evaluations, the start of a new semester or term, and the possibility of extending the school year.
Parents, Teachers, and Students
Everyone is aware of how the pandemic affects education. The COVID-19 pandemic is wreaking havoc on schools, students, instructors, and parents. The COVID-19 problem exacerbates social inequity in the classroom. Students from more affluent families attend schools with stronger digital infrastructure, and teachers may be more knowledgeable about digital technologies.
Some schools may have access to cutting-edge digital technologies and teaching materials. Students from low-income families attend schools with inadequate ICT infrastructure and educational resources. Following COVID-19, more privileged children are enrolling in institutions to take advantage of online learning. Schools in impoverished, rural locations lack the necessary digital infrastructure to provide remote instruction. Everyone is aware of how pandemic effects education. There is also a substantial gap in technology and instructional resources between private and public schools.
Distance learning is a solution to continue the education system, but it is difficult in developing countries because many parents have not attended school and there is a lack of the necessary Information and Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructures, computers, radio, and television to provide distance learning.
Access to computers and the internet is required for successful distant education. This is not guaranteed for all pupils in impoverished nations (Zhang, 2020). Staff and teachers should also be conversant with online teaching tools. Teachers face technological challenges and a lack of infrastructure. Some private schools may not pay their employees’ salaries, while others may pay only half of their salaries.
Evaluation and Assessment
Distance learning is an excellent option for teachers, students, and families because Everyone is aware of how pandemic effects education. I created actions such as introducing online learning platforms, using Blackboard, Zoom, TronClass, Classin, and WeChat group platforms, conducting online training, and collecting information about all courses.
Online education and learning are not a novel way of delivery for industrialized and some developing countries. However, transitioning from face-to-face classes to online learning is difficult for instructors, students, families, and the country’s government due to a lack of funds, skills, ICT infrastructure, internet connection, and educational resources.
Furthermore, computers and other IT devices at home are challenging for most parents, children, and students in underdeveloped countries.
The transition from face-to-face to online classes has a significant impact on evaluations and evaluations. Depending on the nature of the course and the sort of assessment, applying assessments and evaluations online can be difficult. As a result, teachers have been obliged to modify their assessment methods to accommodate the online form.
Furthermore, it is difficult to supervise students’ online course participation and to assure that students are not cheating on online tests. Furthermore, online laboratory examinations, practical testing, and performance tests are not possible.
Furthermore, pupils who do not have access to the internet will struggle to complete tests and evaluations. It is challenging for both instructors and students to analyze and evaluate students’ performance in online learning, particularly in teaching practicum and technical courses.
Physical and Mental Health
School and university closures have a significant impact on the mental and physical health of children, students, parents, and teachers all across the world, particularly in poor countries. Because, during school closures, both male and female pupils in most rural areas may be obliged to work full-time in cattle herding and farming to support their families.
Girl students from low-income households and rural areas are more likely to be sexually abused, subjected to forced labor, and married young. The significant surge in infected cases has caused concern and confusion about what will next. Because of the coronavirus lockdown, many people are experiencing worry, dread, and anxiety, such as a fear of dying or the death of a family member.
Students’ emotional and physical health may suffer as a result of this stress. The epidemic may have a major impact on the careers or graduation of this year’s higher education undergraduate students. Because some students are more active than others, not all students will have a positive experience using online learning applications and platforms.
COVID-19 is a pandemic disease created by a virus that affects both developing and developed countries educational systems. Education is the foundation of every country’s progress. To combat the spread of the COVID-19, most schools, colleges, and universities around the world have been closed.
The school closure causes problems for kids, families, and staff. As a result, distance learning is a viable option for sustaining the education system. However, distance learning is difficult in underdeveloped nations since many parents have never attended school, and there is a shortage of ICT infrastructure, computers, radio, and television.
The poor and technologically illiterate households with lower educational levels and children with inadequate learning motivation suffer the most in this circumstance, which increases inequality. In addition, female students from low-income households and rural areas may be more vulnerable to sexual abuse, forced labor, and early marriage.
The COVID-19 epidemic has forced all educational institutions worldwide to adopt online teaching and learning. As a result, governments should expand network infrastructure and internet access in both urban and rural areas.
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